Okullara göre farklılık gösterse de, ingilizce proficiency sınavı genel olarak belirli becerileri test etmektedir. Bu bağlamda, aşağıda belirtilen proficiency ornekleri ile sınav hakkında bilgi edinebilirsiniz. Her ne kadar değişiklik gösterse de, her üniversite reading soruları sormaktadır.
Reading için aşağıda bulacağınız proficiency ornekleri, size bir fikir verme amacındadır. Sizin okulunuza göre zorluğu değişebilen bir kısımdır. Sadece proficiency ornekleri ile sınava hazırlanmanızı tavsiye etmiyoruz.
(1) Homeschooling is an educational method that is situated in the home rather than in an institution designed for educational purposes. It is representative of a broad social movement of families, largely in Western societies, which believe that the education of children is, ultimately, the responsibility of parents rather than that of the government.
(2) Until school attendance became compulsory in the United States in the mid-19th century, apprenticeships and communal activities were the primary ways in which young children learned. However, this sort of individual instruction was increasingly replaced by systematized group methods fueled by laws regulating child labor and other social changes that placed more children in schools. Not long after universal compulsory school laws were enacted—a process that was completed in the US by the early 20th century—some parents and educators grew dissatisfied with the dominant school system and offered alternatives, including learning at home.
(3) Homeschooling in the US did not become widespread until the last quarter of the 20th century. In the early 1980s, there were about 20,000 students homeschooled in the US, but two and a half decades later, the figure was approximately 1.5 million. At about the same time, homeschooling was also increasing in other countries, such as the United Kingdom, Australia, and India. Reasons for this rapid growth vary, but they generally center on perceived deficiencies in traditional education, such as a claimed lack of emphasis on teaching moral and ethical behavior, the threat of peer violence in schools, and ineffectiveness in dealing with learning-disabled and gifted children.
(4) In the US, educating children at home has always been a legal option for parents though, with the establishment of formal education, the right to homeschool was rarely exercised until the late 20th century. Although legal action has been taken against homeschooling households, it has been prompted by issues such as absenteeism and educational neglect, not by the act of homeschooling itself. As homeschooling grew, so did the monitoring of homeschoolers and by the early 21st century, 40 states had adopted homeschooling regulations, which vary by state.
For example, several states, including New York and North Dakota, are highly restrictive, requiring the provision of achievement test scores or some other formal evaluation, parental educational qualification (for example, a high school diploma), state-approved curriculum, and home visits from state officials. Other states, including Florida and Washington, are more moderately regulated, requiring test scores or other forms of
professional evaluation. States with less regulation include Wisconsin and Utah, which require only that parents notify the state of their intent to homeschool their children. In some states, such as Texas, no state notification is required. No parent is required to be a certified teacher in order to teach his or her own child at home in Australia, Canada, Ireland, the United Kingdom, Norway, the United States, and other countries where homeschooling is permitted.
(5) Opponents of homeschooling have argued that social integration cannot succeed unless all children are compelled to attend schools. Critics also contend that the practice does not adequately prepare students academically or socially. However, studies have consistently shown that homeschooling is successful both by social and standard academic measures. Some studies have suggested that, in comparison with publicly and privately schooled students, homeschooled individuals typically score above average on high-school achievement tests. Proponents note that their children socialize with non-family members in a variety of settings outside of school and maintain that homeschooling does not undermine social cohesion.
Many parents even enlist outside help for particular subjects which the parents themselves do not teach, especially at the high school level. Those with computers can access a wide variety of educational software as well as the resources provided by the Internet. Also, some communities and schools allow homeschoolers to use their school libraries, classrooms, and computers. Some states, including Florida, allow the homeschooled to participate in high school sports and other extracurricular activities, but many states do not. Homeschooling supporters otherwise use local and national sports associations for team sports, or they create their own teams.
(6) Does homeschooling have a future in America? Will the homeschooling movement succeed in moving away from the mediocre academic standards that have been set by government schools? There is a widespread demand for curricula, or programs, that are “easy and fun.” Government schools have met this demand by lowering academic standards. Sadly, many homeschool curricula are still based on the “grade” levels of government schools for the same reason. Easy and fun curricula sell too well to parents and children who have become intellectually lazy. This disparity between the lowered standards of public schools and the academic standards that American children need to excel in the modern world must be resolved. If it is not, elite private schools will prevail over more affordable public schools and homeschooling.
(7) To have a viable future in the US, the homeschooling movement needs to realize that learning is an individual activity. The academic growth of a student is not a tool to achieve parental self-satisfaction. It is a completely personal activity that takes place between the student and educational material which parents need only to provide along with a good study environment and excellent study habits. Anything or anyone that interferes with this diminishes this activity.
(8) The keys to expanding homeschooling to include most American children (rather than a fortunate few) are self- learning with non-teacher-based curricula, high academic standards, and an understanding of the importance of disciplined study habits and a good study environment. These keys can unlock the potential of millions of American children and can assure them a successful future.
1) The main aim of paragraph 2 is to .
a) explain when apprenticeships and communal activities lost their popularity in the US
b) show how compulsory school laws ended child labor in the US
c) criticize the way homeschooling was replaced by the school system in the US
d) summarize the developments that led to the idea of homeschooling in the US
2) In paragraph 6, the author argues that _.
a) homeschool curricula should be enjoyable to be effective
b) homeschooling should cater to students who are lazy
c) government schools fail to meet the needs of American students
d) parents and children should be able to design their own curricula
3) The word “it” in paragraph 4 refers to _.
a) homeschooling b) absenteeism c) formal education d) legal action
4) The word “enlist” in paragraph 5 is closest in meaning to .
a) express b) offer c) combine d) obtain
Yukarıda reading için belirttiğimiz proficiency ornekleri için bizimle iletişime geçip, daha detaylı bilgi alabilirsiniz. Yazının devamında use of English ve writing için de proficiency ornekleri mevcuttur.
USE OF ENGLISH
Bu kısımda ingilizcenin kullanımı üzerine proficiency ornekleri verilmektedir. Kelime ve gramer bölümün ağırlıklı olduğu bu bölümde proficiency örnekleri kısa tutulmuştur. Sizden istenen bu bölüm ile ilgili genel bir fikir sahibi olmanızdır. Proficiency ornekleri tüm use of english kısımları için mevcuttur.
There is a myth that bilinguals express their true emotions in their first language (when they have not acquired both languages at the same time). Like all myths, there are instances 1 true. For example, an adult Portuguese- English bilingual who 2 English when he was fourteen might say that if something 3 angry, there is no doubt that he will use Portuguese to express himself. Additionally, 4 sense that bilinguals who use their first language with family and friends and their other language mainly at work will express feelings in their first language.
However, as Temple University researcher Aneta Pavlenko writes, things are 5 complex than that. In her book on the topic, she dismantles this myth and shows that the relationship between emotions and bilingualism 6 differently by different individuals who come from distinct language areas. Basically, it is too simplistic to suggest that late bilinguals have emotional ties 7 first language and no ties with their other language.
8 a childhood in one language is marked by a lack of affection or distressing events, then bilinguals 9 to express emotion in their second language. For example, an adult English-French bilingual who moved to France in early adulthood claims that she found it easier to speak of anything connected with emotions in French, her second language, 10 in English she was quite tongue-tied. She explained this was because she learned what love meant in French and stated, “Perhaps one day I’ll even manage to say ‘I love you’ in English.”
1) a) where is it b) when it is c) while is it d) which it is
2) a) acquired b) has acquired c) is acquiring d) has been acquiring
3) a) he made b) makes him c) he will make d) which makes him
4) a) it makes b) that it makes c) it is making d) what makes
5) a) too b) so c) very much d) much more
6) a) experience b) is experienced c) experiences d) experienced
7) a) with their only b) only with their c) not with their d) not only their
8) a) Many b) That c) When d) So
9) a) are preferred b) must prefer c) have preferred d) may prefer
10) a) whereas b) despite c) furthermore d) rather
Instructions: Please answer the following question in essay format, using information from the reading (on the next page) “Why Working Mothers Are Happier and Healthier than Stay-at-Home Moms” by Bonnie Rochman.
Some people believe it’s better for children to have stay-at-home mothers while others believe it’s better for mothers to work. Which do you think is better for a child, a working or a stay-at- home mother? Use ideas and information from the article to support your ideas.
You may use this space to make any notes necessary or create an outline.
Proficiency Ornekleri Hakkında Bilgilendirmemiz
Diğer tüm proficiency ornekleri için bizimle iletişime geçmekten çekinmeyin. Tüm okulların sınavları için proficiency örnekleri mevcuttur. Proficiency ornekleri size sınav hakkında bilgi vermek için paylaşılmaktadır. Sadece proficiecny ornekleri çözerek sınava hazırlanmanız çok faydasız olacaktır.